The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Member States have carried out individual and collective actions to address climate change, including curbing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, taking into consideration common but differentiated responsibilities, national circumstances and respective capacities, among others.
ASEAN Leaders have also supported the process under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to arrive at a common understanding of the global goal to reduce emissions to pave the way for a new climate change agreement. In doing so, ASEAN Leaders have issued Joint Declarations and Statements in 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2014 and 2015. In their most recent Joint Declaration on Climate Change, ASEAN Leaders called upon Member States to work effectively and in good faith for an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention and submit Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) in advance of the 21st UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP-21) in Paris in December 2015.
In the INDCs, Parties to the Convention were requested to outline the steps they are taking or will undertake to reduce emissions at the national level; they may also address other issues, such as undertakings in adaptation. As the name suggests, INDCs are targets determined by the Parties based on their circumstances and priorities. Moreover, the Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States may submit information on strategies, plans and actions for low greenhouse gas emission development reflecting their special circumstances in the context of intended nationally determined contributions.