Overview – Participatory Sustainable Forest Management (PSFM)

  • Participation of local community and civil societies as fundamental role in natural resources management, biodiversity and environmental conservation to support sustainable development of the country;
  • Social Forestry as holistic approach to address climate change mitigation and adaption options, contributing to food security, forest landscape restoration, and poverty alleviation.

Relevant Policy on Community Forestry

  • Community Forestry Instruction, CFI, 1995
  • Myanmar Forest Policy, 1995
  • Environmental Law issued in  March 30, 2012.

Adjustment to Relevant Policy 

  • Department of Environmental Conservation organized under MOECAF
  • Survey Department moved under MOECAF
  • Government’s Reform Strategy, followed by all ministries
  • Foreign Direct Investment included in Forestry sector
  • Land Scrutinizing Committee established to formulate a National Land Use Policy
  • 1,213 villages officially recognized by Ministry of Home Affair, (24447. 44 acres of village area, 295,319 acres of paddy fields) a total of 345,889.13 Acre (140,036 ha) excluded from reserved forest and demarcated as permanent village land use as first stage (Newspaper of New Light of Myanmar on
  • 13 June 2013)
  • Other villages with more than 50 households located in reserved forests and officially not recognized will be affected soon by above mentioned instructions
  • Amendment of forest law to support national land use plan and promotion of community forestry, privatization of teak, etc; has been approved by Attorney General office.

National Policy Addressing Climate Change

  • Myanmar Agenda 21: integrate the principle of sustainable
  • development into Country policies and programmes and reverse the
  • loss of environmental resources
  • Forest Law (1992) and Myanmar Forest Policy (1995) address the conservation to contribute on climate change
  • Myanmar ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on November 1994 and Kyoto Protocol in 2003.

Institutions Involved in Social Forestry

  • Forest Department (FD) as a main body for policy, planning, and implementing in forest sector under the guidelines of Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF)
  • Dry Zone Greening Department (DZGD) for reforestation of degraded lands and environmental restoration in the central dry zone of Myanmar
  • University of Forestry (UOF) as an institution for capacity building and enhancing the skills of personnel in social forestry
  • NGOs, INGOs, civil societies supporting to forestry sector as partner organizations

Priorities of Social Forestry in Myanmar

  • Strategic Policies for poverty alleviation and rural development programmes,
  • Capacity building, research and development in social forestry,
  • Networking in social forestry activities in national and regional levels

Social Forestry Role in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption

Fundamental role in stabilizing shifting cultivation, deforestation and forest degradation, forest protection, reforestation and afforestation, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation, resilience to disasters, community based disaster risk reduction.

Key Activities of Social Forestry in Myanmar

  • Nation-wise tree planting  and greening the dry zone (30 millions) and planting  teak trees (in 2013 about 2,073,251 trees planted)
  • Promoting to use efficient stove  as wood-fuel substitution,
  • Biodiversity conservation and forest protection,
  • Mangrove rehabilitation and coastal management,
  • Developing social forestry for deforestation and forest degradation
  • CF establishment, (39595.9  ha, 587 FUG, 41045 members),
  • Under 4th Step-Reform strategy: Private sector  development in all sectors,
  • Shares ownership of teak to Private sector and Communities (relevant with new forest law).

Next Steps

  • Gaps of CF (policy, legal support, institution, and  capacity based on research outcomes) to be identified, proven and planned  in to action.
  • Strengthen networking among stakeholders in national level, CSOs, NGOs, INGO.
  • Align to climate change, food security, livelihood.
  • Collaboration with Key Partners under ASFCC.
  • Regional activities together with other ASEAN Member States, ICRAF and USAID