Social Forestry is practiced in the Philippines through Community Based Forest Management (CBFM). CBFM is the national strategy towards sustainable forestry and social justice. It involves participatory management processes and has social, environmental and economic objectives. CBFM includes the following key components:

  • Community organizing and capacity enhancement
  • Biodiversity, soil and water conservation
  • Forest-based enterprises development with protection
  • Management area delineation and securing tenure
  • Support systems for CBFM

Social Forestry Priorities

  • Policy institutionalization
  • Establishing network and gaining support
  • Organizational strengthening and capacity enhancement
  • Protection, development, and conservation
  • Livelihood and enterprise development
  • Evaluation of CBFM implementation and updating of plans
  • Sustainability of efforts


Relevant Policy contributing to Food Security and Addressing Climate Change

  • Executive Order No. 263, 1995– CBFM as the national strategy for the sustainable development  of Philippines’ forestlands & resources
  • Republic Act No. 8371, 1997– Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act
  • National Commission on Indigenous People, Administrative Order No. 3, 2002– Revised Guidelines on Free and Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) and Related Processes
  • Executive Order No. 318, 2004– Promoting Sustainable Forest  Management
  • DENR Administrative Order 2004 -29– Revised Rules and Regulations for the Implementation of Executive Order 263 otherwise known as the Community-Based Forest Management Strategy
  • Executive Order No. 606, 2007– Pursuing Sustainable Upland Development anchoring on Food, Wood and Non-wood Security & economic productivity
  • Republic Act No. 9729, 2009– Climate Change Act
  • Executive Order No. 881, 2010– National Framework Strategy for Climate Change National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy Philippines National REDD Plus Strategy
  • DA-DAR-DENR Joint Memorandum Circular No.1,2010–  Implementation Framework for the Enhanced National Convergence Initiating among the Department of Agriculture, Department of Agrarian Reform, and the Department Environment and Natural Resources
  • Executive Order No 23, 2011– Prohibiting Cutting of Timber within Natural Forests
  • Executive Order No. 26, 2011– National Greening Program

Role of Social Forestry in REDD Plus and Forest Conservation, Contributing to Food Security and Addressing Climate Change

  • Forest protection by communities promotes conservation of biological diversity and carbon stock.
  • Organization and management capacity building improve forestland development and productivity.
  • Rehabilitation of deforested lands to agroforestry and Plantations by the communities contributes to increased food production, carbon stocks, reduced emission, and other co-benefits.
  • Enterprise development with safeguards improves skills of communities while generating job and income.
  • Stakeholders’ participation integrates efforts and complements technologies and resources for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
  • Trust, respect, and recognition of the inherent potential of individuals improve relations and representation in social forestry.
  • Secured tenure, stable policy, and political will promote participation and are key elements to social forestry success


Key Social Forestry Activities 

  • Capacity Enhancement of Local Staff and CBFM PO on:
    • Project Management
    • Proposal Preparation
    • Enterprise Development
    • FRA, Forest Protection, Land Use Planning & others
    • Simple Accounting and Auditing Systems
  • Conducted Socio-Economic and Environmental  impact assessment of CBFM
  • Documentation of Good CBFM Practices
  • Discussion on Climate-Proofing of the Master Plan for Forestry including the CBFM Strategic Plan
  • Continuing advocacy and training on REDD Plus
  • CBFM in support to the National Greening program.

Next Steps

  • Strengthening of the Philippines’ ASFN Team
  • Preparation for the 2014 CBFM Practitioners’ Forum
  • Updating of CBFM related Plans to incorporate climate change mitigation and adaptation
  • Documentation and sharing of good CBFM practices
  • Updating of CBFM data and information
  • Continuing capacity building in CBFM.